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As part of Movember initiatives, we had previously discussed prostate cancer and its early detection and now let us have a look at the risk factors, symptoms and detection of testicular cancer.
What is testicular cancer?
Testicular cancer develops in the testicles of boys and young men. Although a rarer form of cancer, the numbers have been on a rise. The positive aspect is if detected early, testicular cancer can be treated well.
Risk factor for testicular cancer
The most common risk factor for testicular cancer is undescended testicles (cryptorchidism). As per data, around 3 to 5% of boys are born with their testicles inside their abdomen. In some boys, they descend into the scrotum during the first year of life, while in others; the testicles do not descend and require a surgical intervention.
Though some men don’t experience any symptoms, there are a few symptoms that need to be taken into consideration in order to seek a medical opinion:
- A lump or swelling in the testicle
- Breast growth and/or soreness
- Early puberty
- Advanced symptoms such as low back pain, chest pain, belly pain, headache and confusion
Detecting testicular cancer
Physical examination by the primary care during the annual check is the most common way of detecting testicular cancer. Apart from this, ultrasound, blood tests and testicle removal can confirm the diagnosis.
Self-examination is also essential to observe any changes in your body and detect the cancer at the earliest.
To help in educating students about testicular cancer, do have a look at our anatomy model - male pelvis with testicles.
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